While cloning as a science is still a very controversial topic, nature has its own way of cloning things and it’s a lot less controversial than what we’re doing. When we hear the word ‘cloning’, most of us think about Dolly the sheep or some sort of Sci-Fi movie. In reality, cloning is a lot more common than most people realize.
For instance, many plants reproduce asexually thus creating identical carbon copies of themselves. What’s interesting is that some animals do it as well and they’re just as effective. So if you’ll bear with us for a few minutes, we’ll take a look at ten animals that clones themselves as a mean to further their species.
The colorful sea sponge is one of the most primitive creatures in the animal kingdom. The interesting thing about the sea sponge is that it has a very peculiar anatomy, one that contains a mass of cells and fibers without having any internal organs whatsoever. As for the cloning, sponges duplicate themselves via gemmulation, a process that involves groups of cells enclosed in a protective casing. When provided with nutrition, each group of cells moves to the surface of the sponge and then ejects from the adult, thus starting a whole different life cycle somewhere else.